عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Investigating strategic thoughts of lawmakers and criminal policy-decision makers in the field of reformation and treatment in the stage of implementing imprisonment and the effort to make them applicable is an important matter that can represent a system’s purposefulness and program-oriented in the form of comparative study. In discussion of reformation and treatment if we attend to categorize strategies, it appears that alongside the basic and fundamental the strategies, some of the cases in the stage of implementing retribution, are supposed to be practical strategies. In this phase, establishing reformation-oriented and treatment-oriented courses, evaluating the effectiveness, priority in reformation and changing and specializing reformation are considered prominent. Paying profound attention to practical functions of reformatting mechanisms that being used in the stage of implementing imprisonment in Iran and Canada indicates that rather on first strategy that had given the most effort, in other cases Iran’s reformation system, unlike Canada’s, has weaknesses and lack of attention. Evaluation strategies, evaluating the effectiveness and specialization of reformation are major the strategies that ignoring them affects other strategies and thus reformatting foundations will be unsecured and they will be the cause for provided reformatting policies to be ineffective.