عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Historically, one of the main concerns of human being has been the fight against criminality whose long goal has been to have a society free of harmful abnormalities. In this way, all solutions so far have been taken in to consideration and many proactive and reactive measures have been implemented and tested. But the optimal efficient solution of encountering the criminality has always been taken into account. For this reason, whether having proactive or reactive viewpoint, those factors will be targeted that have a crucial role in the development of delinquency which by getting dismantled will prevent the process of forming another criminal processes and causing the various losses to the victims and crime's targets. In this perspective, the criminal motive and knowledge are known as the source of crime and criminal policy priority of theorists and criminal policy makers. If these elements can be eliminated, there will be no way for the development of the criminal situation and the criminal event. Targeting these elements, a good strategy on the agenda of today's prevention of criminality systems is Codes of conducts which is a reminder of the consequences of crime for actives and plays an important role in achieving the objectives in this area. Achieving this outcome, however, requires the identification of the position, function, mechanisms and conditions governing the formulation and implementation, and also the limitations of these tools. Otherwise, the outcome might have undue consequences that give the potential offenders the motivation and ability of further proceeding to a criminal process.