بررسی میزان بزه‌دیدگی آزار و اذیت جنسی دیجیتال بر روی بزرگسالان با نگاه به افراد تراجنسی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق کیفری و جرم‎شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی، مشهد، ایران.

2 استادیار حقوق کیفری و جرم‏شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی، مشهد، ایران.

10.22124/jol.2021.18046.2011

چکیده

در این مقاله نیز به بررسی میزان بزه­دیدگی آزار و اذیت جنسی دیجیتال بر روی بزرگسالان با نگاه به افراد تراجنسی پرداخته شده است. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف، کاربردی و از نظر گردآوری داده‌ها از نوع کمی با روش پیمایشی است. جامعةآماری تحقیق ترنس‌های ساکن شهر تهران هستند و در کنار آن‌ها یک گروه کنترل که زنان و مردان بالغ 18 تا 55 سال تهرانی را تشکیل می‌دهند قرار داده شد. در این پژوهش نتیجه گردید که میزان آزار و اذیت جنسی بین جنسیت‌های مختلف یکسان نیست و در افراد تراجنسی بیشتر است. و همچنین مسجل گردید که بر مبنای اطلاعات آماری این تحقیق بیشترین نوع آزار و اذیت دیجیتال، تلاش برای ایجاد روابط عاشقانه است. به لحاظ آماری بین میزان استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی و نرم‌افزارها و میزان آزار و اذیت جنسی دیجیتال رابطه آماری معنی داری وجود ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Victimization Rate of Digital Sexual Harassment on Adults by Looking at Transgender People

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrdad Ghani 1
  • Seyyed Mahdi Seyyed Zadeh Sani 2
1 PhD student in Criminal Law and Criminology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: This article also examines the extent of digital sexual harassment of adults by looking at transgender people. Materials and Methods: The present study is applied in terms of purpose and quantitative in terms of data collection by survey method. The statistical population of the study is Trans people living in Tehran, and next to them, a control group consisting of men and women aged 18 to 55 in Tehran was placed. Findings and Conclusion: The rate of sexual harassment is not the same between different sexes and is higher in transgender people. It was also found that, based on the statistical data of this study, the most common type of digital harassment is trying to establish romantic relationships. There is no statistically significant relationship between the use of social networks and software and the rate of digital sexual harassment.
 
1. Introduction
Admittedly, the term "cyberbullying" is very rare in adults because of the ways in which the mass victim can be labeled an adult through the mass media and even domestic law. Our main focus in this study is on adults aged 18 to 55 with an emphasis on transgender sexual minorities because very little research has been done on crimes related to digital harassment.
 
2. Research method
The present study is applied in terms of purpose and quantitative in terms of data collection by survey method. The statistical population of the study is trans people living in Tehran, and next to them, a control group consisting of men and women aged 18 to 55 in Tehran was placed.
 
3. Results and Discussion
For the first hypothesis, analysis of variance was used, which showed that the rate of digital sexual harassment in transgender people is higher than women and men. Regarding the mean and standard deviation of the variables of digital sexual harassment, the highest mean is related to the variable of trying to establish romantic relationships, equal to 2.68, and the lowest mean is related to receiving scary letters or messages or computer virus in e-mail and other cyberspace for Having sex is equal to 1.06. Regarding the last hypothesis, Pearson correlation coefficient test is used and the results of correlation coefficient test show that there is a correlation coefficient of 0.03 between the rate of use of social network and software and the rate of sexual harassment, which indicates a very weak linear relationship. In other words, there is no statistically significant relationship between the use of social networks and software and the rate of digital sexual harassment.
 
4. Conclusion
In this study, it was concluded that the rate of sexual harassment is not the same between different sexes and is higher in transgender people. It was also found that, based on the statistical data of this study, the most common type of digital harassment is trying to establish romantic relationships. There is no statistically significant relationship between the use of social networks and software and the rate of digital sexual harassment.
 
Selection of References
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Guasp, A. Gammon A, Ellison G (2013), Homophobic Hate Crime: The Gay British Crime Survey 2013. London: Stonewall and YouGov. URL (accessed 6 June 2017).
 Jalili, Z. and Attarzadeh, S. (2017), “Laws and issues related to delinquency and transgender victimization in Iran and the United States”, the third national conference of the third millennium and humanities, Bandar Abbas. . [In Persian]
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Victim
  • Sexual harassment
  • Cyberspace
  • Transgender
  • Adults
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