عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Religious sanctities are persons, concepts, institutions andr espected symbols that insulting them emotional arousal and can be infrastructure for extremist behaviors and serious security risks at the national and international levels. This study investigated the religious foundations in criminalization of blasphemy and has analyzed the principles of public interest and harm to others as principles can be used in criminalization of insulting religious sanctities. In addition, due to the need to separate the criticism and discussion in support of freedom of expression and insulting in support of freedom of opinion and respect for believers, challenges in criminalization of blasphemy are discussed.