عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Liberty on defense is a principle which has two effects: the right of defense personally and the right of free choices of defender. These two effects have two clear meaning. First means that the parties can defend themselves personally and the second means that they can choose their defender freely.
There are some restrictions on those two results that we would analyze respectively in this article. Some of them are restrictions that seem the way of lawyer’s presence in the court and his facultative or mandatory presence.
Free choise of defender has met also other restrictions that are known as forbidden: defendant cannot choose claimants ex or current lawyer as his lawyer in same case and ban of advocate acceptance versus the client and ban of advocate acceptance in case of relativity existence between judge and lawyer or his/her spouse and finally limitation by the cause of lawyers degree.